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Marion Mitchell Morrison (born Marion Robert Morrison; May 26, 1907 – June 11, 1979), known professionally as John Wayne and nicknamed Duke, was an American actor and filmmaker. An Academy Award-winner for True Grit (1969), Wayne was among the top box office draws for three decades. Born in Winterset, Iowa, Wayne grew up in Southern California. He was president of Glendale High class of 1925. He found work at local film studios when he lost his football scholarship to the University of Southern California as a result of a bodysurfing accident.

Initially working for the Fox Film Corporation, he appeared mostly in small bit parts. His first leading role came in Raoul Walsh’s The Big Trail (1930), which led to leading roles in numerous B movies throughout the 1930s, many of them in the Western genre. Wayne’s career took off in 1939, with John Ford’s Stagecoach making him an instant star. He went on to star in 142 pictures. Biographer Ronald Davis said, “John Wayne personified for millions the nation’s frontier heritage. Eighty-three of his movies were Westerns, and in them, he played cowboys, cavalrymen, and unconquerable loners extracted from the Republic’s central creation myth.”

Wayne’s other well-known Western roles include a cattleman driving his herd north on the Chisholm Trail in Red River (1948), a Civil War veteran whose young niece is abducted by a tribe of Comanches in The Searchers (1956), and a troubled rancher competing with a lawyer for a woman’s hand in marriage in The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance (1962). He is also remembered for his roles in The Quiet Man (1952), Rio Bravo (1959), and The Longest Day (1962).

In his final screen performance, he starred as an aging gunfighter battling cancer in The Shootist (1976). He appeared with many important Hollywood stars of his era, and his last public appearance was at the Academy Awards ceremony on April 9, 1979.

Born: May 26, 1907 In Winterset, Iowa, USA

FILMOGRAPHY

movie 1976: The Shootist as John Bernard Books
movie 1976: Meanwhile, Back at the Ranch as Jerry Mason
movie 1975: Brannigan as Lt. Jim Brannigan
movie 1975: Brother, Can You Spare a Dime? as (archive footage)
movie 1975: Rooster Cogburn as Reuben J. “Rooster” Cogburn
movie 1974: McQ as Det. Lt. Lon McQ
movie 1973: The Train Robbers as Lane
movie 1973: Cahill U.S. Marshal as J.D. Cahill
movie 1972: The Cowboys as Wil Andersen
movie 1972: Cancel My Reservation as Himself (uncredited)
movie 1971: Big Jake as Jacob McCandles
series 1971: V.I.P. Schaukel as Unknown
movie 1971: Directed by John Ford as Himself (uncredited)
movie 1971: The American West of John Ford as Himself
movie 1970: No Substitute for Victory as Himself
movie 1970: Swing Out, Sweet Land as Himself
movie 1970: Raquel! as Himself
movie 1970: Rio Lobo as Colonel Cord McNally
movie 1970: Chisum as John Simpson Chisum
series 1969: The Glen Campbell Goodtime Hour
movie 1969: True Grit as Reuben J. “Rooster” Cogburn
movie 1969: The Undefeated as Colonel John Henry Thomas
series 1968: Rowan and Martin’s Laugh-In
movie 1968: The Green Berets as Colonel Mike Kirby
movie 1968: Hellfighters as Chance Buckman
movie 1967: The War Wagon as Taw Jackson
movie 1967: El Dorado as Cole Thornton
movie 1966: Cast a Giant Shadow as Gen. Mike Randolph
movie 1965: The Greatest Story Ever Told as Centurion at crucifixion
movie 1965: In Harm’s Way as Capt. Rockwell Torrey
movie 1965: The Sons of Katie Elder as John Elder
movie 1964: Circus World as Matt Masters
movie 1963: Donovan’s Reef as Michael “Guns” Donovan
movie 1963: Hollywood Without Make-Up
movie 1963: McLintock! as George Washington McLintock
series 1963: Hollywood and the Stars as Himself (archive footage)
movie 1962: Hatari! as Sean Mercer
movie 1962: The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance as Tom Doniphon
series 1962: The Beverly Hillbillies
movie 1962: The Longest Day as Col. Benjamin Vandervoort
series 1962: The Lucy Show
movie 1962: Flashing Spikes as Marine Sergeant
movie 1962: How the West Was Won as William Sherman
movie 1961: I 10 del Texas as (archive footage)
movie 1961: The Comancheros as Jake Cutter
series 1961: Alcoa Premiere as Unknown
movie 1960: The Alamo as Col. Davy Crockett
movie 1960: North to Alaska as Sam McCord
movie 1959: Rio Bravo as John Chance
movie 1959: The Horse Soldiers as Col John Marlowe
movie 1958: I Married a Woman as Leonard – Screen Husband (uncredited)
movie 1958: The Barbarian and the Geisha as Townsend Harris
movie 1957: The Wings of Eagles as Frank W. ‘Spig’ Wead
movie 1957: Jet Pilot as Col. Jim Shannon
movie 1957: Legend of the Lost as Joe January
series 1956: Cinépanorama
movie 1956: The Searchers as Ethan Edwards
movie 1956: The Conqueror as Temujin, later Genghis Khan
series 1955: Gunsmoke
movie 1955: The Sea Chase as Captain Karl Ehrlich
series 1955: Casablanca
movie 1955: Blood Alley as Capt. Tom Wilder
movie 1955: Screen Directors Playhouse: Rookie of the Year as Mike Cronin
series 1955: Screen Director’s Playhouse as Mike Cronin
movie 1954: The High and the Mighty as Dan Roman
series 1954: Producers’ Showcase
movie 1953: Trouble Along the Way as Stephen Aloysius Williams
movie 1953: Island in the Sky as Captain Dooley
movie 1953: Hondo as Hondo Lane
movie 1952: The Quiet Man as Sean Thornton
movie 1952: Big Jim McLain as Jim McLain
movie 1951: Operation Pacific as Lt Cmdr. Duke E. Gifford
movie 1951: The Screen Director
movie 1951: Flying Leathernecks as Maj. Daniel Xavier Kirby
series 1951: I Love Lucy
series 1950: The Colgate Comedy Hour
movie 1950: Rio Grande as Lt. Col. Kirby Yorke
movie 1949: She Wore a Yellow Ribbon as Capt. Nathan Cutting Brittles
movie 1949: The Fighting Kentuckian as John Breen
movie 1949: Sands of Iwo Jima as Sgt John M Stryker
movie 1948: Fort Apache as Capt. Kirby York
movie 1948: Red River as Thomas Dunson
movie 1948: 3 Godfathers as Robert Marmaduke Hightower
movie 1948: Wake of the Red Witch as Capt. Ralls
movie 1947: Angel and the Badman as Quirt Evans
movie 1947: Tycoon as Johnny Munroe
movie 1946: Desert Command as Tom Wayne
movie 1946: Without Reservations as Rusty Thomas
movie 1945: Flame of Barbary Coast as Duke Fergus
movie 1945: Back to Bataan as Colonel Joseph Madden
movie 1945: They Were Expendable as Lt. (J.G.) ‘Rusty’ Ryan
movie 1945: Dakota as John Devlin
movie 1944: The Fighting Seabees as Lt. Cmdr. Wedge Donovan
movie 1944: Tall in the Saddle as Rocklin
movie 1944: Memo for Joe
movie 1943: A Lady Takes a Chance as Duke Hudkins
movie 1943: War of the Wildcats as Daniel F Somers
movie 1942: Reap the Wild Wind as Captain Jack Stuart
movie 1942: Lady for a Night as Jackson Morgan
movie 1942: The Spoilers as Roy Glennister
movie 1942: In Old California as Tom Craig
movie 1942: Reunion in France as Pat Talbot
movie 1942: Pittsburgh as Charles ‘Pittsburgh’ Markham
movie 1942: Flying Tigers as Jim Gordon
movie 1941: A Man Betrayed as Lynn Hollister
movie 1941: The Shepherd of the Hills as Young Matt
movie 1941: Lady from Louisiana as John Reynolds
movie 1940: Three Faces West as John Phillips
movie 1940: Dark Command as Bob Seton
movie 1940: Seven Sinners as Lieutenant Dan Brent
movie 1940: The Long Voyage Home as Ole Olsen
movie 1939: Stagecoach as The Ringo Kid
movie 1939: Three Texas Steers as Stony Brooke
movie 1939: The Night Riders as Stony Brooke
movie 1939: Wyoming Outlaw as Stony Brooke
movie 1939: New Frontier as Stony Brooke
movie 1939: Allegheny Uprising as Jim Smith
movie 1938: Pals of the Saddle as Stony Brooke
movie 1938: Overland Stage Raiders as Stony Brooke
movie 1938: Santa Fe Stampede as Stony Brooke
movie 1938: Red River Range as Stony Brooke
movie 1937: I Cover the War as Bob Adams
movie 1937: California Straight Ahead as Biff Smith
movie 1937: Adventure’s End as Duke Slade
movie 1937: Idol of the Crowds as Johnny Hanson
movie 1937: Born to the West as Dare Rudd
movie 1936: King of the Pecos as John Clayborn
movie 1936: The Oregon Trail as Capt John Delmont
movie 1936: The Lawless Nineties as John Tipton
movie 1936: The Lonely Trail as Captain John Ashley
movie 1936: Winds of the Wasteland as John Blair
movie 1936: Conflict as Pat Glendon
movie 1936: Sea Spoilers as Bob Randall
movie 1935: The Dawn Rider as John Mason
movie 1935: Paradise Canyon as John Wyatt
movie 1935: The Desert Trail as John Scott / John Jones
movie 1935: Rainbow Valley as John Martin
movie 1935: Westward Ho as John Wyatt
movie 1935: The New Frontier as John Dawson
movie 1935: Lawless Range as John Middleton
movie 1935: Texas Terror as John Higgins
movie 1934: Blue Steel as John Carruthers
movie 1934: West of the Divide as Ted Hayden aka Gat Ganns
movie 1934: The Lucky Texan as Jerry Mason
movie 1934: The Man From Utah as John Weston
movie 1934: Randy Rides Alone as Randy Bowers
movie 1934: The Lawless Frontier as John Tobin
movie 1934: The Trail Beyond as Rod Drew
movie 1934: ‘Neath the Arizona Skies as Chris Morrell
movie 1934: The Star Packer as U.S. Marshal John Travers
movie 1933: Somewhere in Sonora as John Bishop
movie 1933: Central Airport as Co-Pilot in Wreck (uncredited)
movie 1933: The Telegraph Trail as John Trent
movie 1933: The Life of Jimmy Dolan as Smith
movie 1933: The Three Musketeers as Lt. Tom Wayne
movie 1933: College Coach as Student Greeting Phil (uncredited)
movie 1933: Sagebrush Trail as John Brant
movie 1933: His Private Secretary as Dick Wallace
movie 1933: Riders of Destiny as Singin’ Sandy Saunders
movie 1933: Baby Face as Jimmy McCoy Jr.
movie 1933: The Man from Monterey as Captain John Holmes
movie 1932: Two-Fisted Law as Duke
movie 1932: Texas Cyclone as Steve Pickett
movie 1932: Lady and Gent as Buzz Kinney
movie 1932: An Innocent Man as John Brant
movie 1932: The Shadow of the Eagle as Craig McCoy
movie 1932: The Hurricane Express as The Air Pilot
movie 1932: Ride Him, Cowboy as John Drury
movie 1932: Haunted Gold as John Mason
movie 1932: That’s My Boy as Football Player
movie 1932: The Big Stampede as Deputy Sheriff John Steele
movie 1931: Arizona as Lt. Bob Denton
movie 1931: Girls Demand Excitement as Peter Brooks
movie 1931: Maker of Men as Dusty Rhodes
movie 1931: The Range Feud as Clint Turner
movie 1930: Born Reckless as Extra (uncredited)
movie 1930: Men Without Women as Radioman on Surface (uncredited)
movie 1930: Rough Romance as Lumberjack
movie 1930: Cheer Up and Smile as Roy
movie 1930: The Big Trail as Breck Coleman
movie 1929: Speakeasy as Extra
movie 1929: The Black Watch as 42nd Highlander (uncredited)
movie 1929: Salute as Midshipman Bill (uncredited)
movie 1929: Noah’s Ark as Flood Extra (uncredited)
movie 1929: Words and Music as Pete Donahue
movie 1928: Four Sons as Officer (uncredited)
movie 1928: Hangman’s House as Horse Race Spectator / Condemned Man in Flashback
movie 1928: A Home Made Man as Man on Stool
movie 1927: The Draw-Back as Opposing Football Player
movie 1927: Annie Laurie as Extra (uncredited)
movie 1927: Mother Machree as Extra (uncredited)
movie 1927: The Drop Kick as Football Player / Extra in Stands
movie 1926: Brown of Harvard as Yale Football Player (uncredited)
movie 1926: The Great KandA Train Robbery as Extra (uncredited)
movie 1926: Bardelys the Magnificent as Guard (uncredited)